What Is the Most Common Cause of Traumatic Brain Injury?

Traumatic brain injuries are dangerous. If you suffered a TBI due to someone else’s negligence, contact a Virginia Beach brain injury lawyer at VACAIL today.

Virginia motor vehicle crashes often leave victims with mild injuries. However, not all crash survivors are this lucky. Instead, some collisions cause traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) and traumatic encephalopathy. The National Center for Injury Prevention and Control of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has much data on this disease.

Furthermore, a severe head injury like TBI has received significant disease advocacy. Many disease advocacy groups have conducted brain studies into this condition in adults and children. Therefore, these brain injury research works have resulted in various treatment strategies, such as cognitive rehabilitation therapy.

Unfortunately, these treatment options and diagnostic tools are costly. So, achieving excellent brain health and resuming daily activities after a severe head injury will be challenging. That’s why you need an excellent Virginia Beach brain injury lawyer. Such a lawyer can get you the maximum compensation for your head injury. So, call us today to discuss your legal options.

What Is a Traumatic Brain Injury?

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention defines traumatic brain injury as an injury that affects normal activities of the brain. It can result from a blow to the head. The violent shaking of the head can also cause initial trauma leading to secondary damage to human brain tissue.

Additional factors contributing to TBI include sports or a gunshot wound. There are different types of TBI. We provide the details about injuries to the brain below.

Mild TBI or Concussion

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention states that most TBIs are mild. At the time of injury, these mild head injuries can temporarily affect the individual cells in the brain. You may not even need a CT scan to identify mild TBI. Instead, a concussion injury specialist can do that.

Moderate TBI or Severe TBI

A moderate injury to the head can also significantly affect your daily living. Furthermore, severe TBIs are responsible for the annual TBI death toll.

Severe TBI has the same fatal results as a spinal cord injury. The difficulty of treating a spinal cord injury is the same with severe TBIs. In addition, treating severe TBI is costly. The cost of TBIs requiring hospital treatment account for 90% of total TBI costs.

In addition, the cost of these effective treatments was $7.6 billion in 2020. Sadly, a severe or moderate TBI victim may have to lead their entire lives visiting medical providers. That is why you should consider contacting a Virginia Beach brain injury lawyer if your injury resulted from someone else’s negligence. You shouldn’t be stuck paying medical bills for something that wasn’t your fault.

Traumatic Encephalopathy

Traumatic encephalopathy is another dangerous brain health problem. Traumatic encephalopathy describes significant brain cell death. Furthermore, this brain cell death flows from single or continuous trauma to the individual brain cells. Sometimes traumatic encephalopathy begins with chronic TBI signs.

The symptoms to look out for from the time of injury include:

  • Loss of consciousness
  • Loss of memory
  • Sports-related concussions in people engaged in contact sports
  • Cognitive difficulties
  • Emotional difficulties

Sadly, medical evaluation and diagnostic tools cannot yet diagnose this disease. Instead, you may have to visit a concussion injury specialist or another healthcare provider.

Signs and Symptoms of Traumatic Brain Injuries

Whether mild injuries or severe TBI, brain studies have shown these signs and symptoms of TBIs:

  • Headaches
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Loss of balance
  • Cognitive difficulties
  • Slurred speech
  • Blurred vision
  • Light sensitivity
  • Sensitivity to sound
  • Prolonged loss of consciousness for severe TBI
  • Loss of normal brain function
  • Blood clot in the brain. This blood clot is called intracranial bleeding.
  • Loss of balance
  • Emotional difficulties
  • Brain inflammation from injuries to nerve fibers
  • High brain temperature
  • High blood pressure in the brain after the initial trauma
  • Poor nervous system functions

The signs are also different from children to adults. Patients from children to adults have the reactions above to traumatic brain injury. However, clinical studies have shown that traumatic brain injury in children also causes:

  • Weakened nervous system functions
  • Lack of interest in normal activities, like playing with toys
  • Cognitive difficulties such as changes in their ability to pay attention
  • Changes in sleeping habits
  • Emotional difficulties leading to sad or depressed moods
  • Secondary damage such as seizures

Types of Head Injuries

There are different types of head and brain injuries. Indeed, each type can affect the brain’s normal activities and brain health. However, the responsible critical factors are peculiar. Therefore, the treatment options for the various types of head injuries are different too. Fortunately, there are effective treatments for these wounds.

Generally, the details about injuries to the head show that they are either primary or secondary. A primary injury to the brain occurs immediately. The time of injury often coincides with the accident’s time. However, secondary damage can flow from this initial trauma. Furthermore, secondary damage occurs over hours, days, and weeks.

Notably, emergency care staff can quickly identify primary brain injuries. They can thus start applying treatment strategies. However, you’ll need significant medical evaluation and diagnostic tools to discover secondary damage. So, you may need professionals like a concussion injury specialist.

There are further details about injuries. We can classify these wounds into the following:

Penetrating TBI

Penetrating or open head TBI occurs when the offending object penetrates the brain. Emergency care staff at the accident scene usually have to be careful. If they don’t, the penetrating object can cause more harm. Furthermore, A penetrating injury is most likely to cause fluid buildup in the brain. Such fluid buildup can occur if a blood clot fails.

Non-Penetrating TBI

Non-penetrating TBIs are closed-head injuries. They occur when the blunt force object doesn’t pierce the skull. However, the trauma may be sufficient to shake the brain within the head.

Diffuse Axonal Injury

An axonal injury doesn’t cause an uncontrolled flow of blood in the brain. However, it can cause secondary damage to the human brain tissue. Consequently, the dead brain tissue makes the brain not function.

Brain swelling is also possible at the location of the dead brain tissue. Emergency care staff can even identify such inflammations. Although it doesn’t cause an uncontrollable flow of blood in the brain, axonal injuries are pretty dangerous.

What Is the Most Common Cause of Traumatic Brain Injury?

Several critical factors cause traumatic brain injury in children and adults. Some additional factors also predispose some classes to these types of head injuries. We’ll rely on data from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for these critical factors.

So, the most common cause of traumatic brain injury include:

Falls

Nearly half of TBI-related hospitalizations are due to falls. A slip and fall can lead to a primary injury to the brain or secondary damage. In fact, one out of five falls causes a severe head injury, requiring emergency medical attention. Some risk factors that increase your propensity to fall include:

If your injury was caused by a slip and fall due to unsafe conditions, a Virginia Beach brain injury lawyer may be able to help you recover compensation for your medical bills.

Firearm-Related Suicide

Firearm mishaps don’t leave mild injuries to the brain. Instead, the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention states that it’s the most common cause of TBI-related deaths. The initial trauma is usually sufficient to kill anyone. Furthermore, a gunshot wound can also lead to a severe head injury. Suicides aren’t the only critical factors.

Motor Vehicle Accidents

Motor vehicle accidents are pretty common in the United States. In addition, they can cause different types of head injuries. The details about injuries in the United States revealed 52,668 accident injuries in Virginia in 202o. Notably, collisions can cause traumatic brain injury in children too. If your brain injury occurred in a car accident, a Virginia Beach brain injury attorney may be able to help you hold the at-fault party responsible.

Additional factors that affect brain health through this include:

  • Assaults
  • Contact sports such as soccer, boxing, and wrestling

The causes of traumatic brain injury in children and adults reveal a crucial fact. It’s that TBIs are preventable in the United States and worldwide. We’ll explore some preventive measures later. First, however, seeing a health care provider after any of these events is vital.

How Dangerous Is Traumatic Brain Injury?

TBI isn’t a moderate injury. Indeed, there are effective treatments. However, any health care provider will tell you that TBI will significantly affect your daily living. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has some grim details about injuries to the head. For example, it states that there were:

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention further broke down this data. It shows:

  • 176 TBI-related deaths daily in the United States
  • 611 TBI-related hospitalizations daily in the United States

However, these details about injuries aren’t exhaustive. Instead, it doesn’t cover the types of head injuries treated:

  • In emergency medical centers
  • By primary medical providers
  • Out-hospital treatment
  • Untreated brain damage

Risk factors for Traumatic Brain Injury

Brain studies have also shown the classes more susceptible to TBI in the United States. These could be a primary injury or secondary injury. This increased susceptibility to TBI is because of health disparities. This refers to differences in health outcomes and their reasons among particular groups. Health disparities are measured by critical factors such as:

  • Race
  • Ethnicity
  • Sex
  • Education
  • Income
  • Disability

Additional factors in the United States include:

  • Geographical location. This deals with whether the victim of the neurological disease is an urban or rural dweller
  • Sexual orientation
  • Gender identity

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention includes the following endangered groups:

Racial and Ethnic Minorities

Racial and ethnic minorities in the United States have higher rates of poor brain health from TBI. This inevitably leads to several TBI-related deaths. Many critical factors contribute to this sad detail. For example, many minorities are less likely to receive follow-up medical care.

Military Officers and Veterans

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention states that 400,000+ service members received TBI diagnoses from 2000 to 2019. However, many members of this group only sustained this severe injury from motor vehicle accidents. Furthermore, the crashes occurred during normal activities.

Survivors of Intimate Partner Violence (IPV)

Thousands of domestic abuse victims make medical emergency department visits. Such violence often leads to mild head injuries. However, secondary injury to the brain is also possible. Sadly, survivors of IPV in the United States rarely get effective treatments for TBI and other injuries.

Other affected groups include:

  • Homeless people
  • People in Correctional or Detention Facilities
  • People in rural communities with hospital treatment options
  • Low-income earners who ordinarily cannot afford effective treatments
  • Children. Minors recorded 16,070 TBI-related hospitalizations in 2019 and 2,774 deaths. Notably, in kids, TBI manifests as shaken baby syndrome. Shaken baby syndrome is a neurological disease from the violent shaking of a baby’s head
  • Males
  • As adults age and get over 75 years, they also largely account for this condition in adults in the United States

Can I Prevent Traumatic Brain Injury?

The period from initiation of treatment strategies until full recovery is a long and challenging road. In addition, therapies such as cognitive rehabilitation therapy can be expensive too. Fortunately, you can prevent different types of head injuries. You don’t even need to conduct any brain studies.

All you have to do is consider the causes of TBI in individuals. Then, you can make informed decisions on how to avoid those issues. Learning emergency medical tips for head wounds is also essential. These effective treatments can help prevent secondary brain damage.

The pieces of equipment below can prevent falls in homes:

  • Stair safety gates
  • Grab bars
  • Nonslip mats
  • Trip hazards

Notably, you can install window guards and stair safety gates for your kids. These window guards will ensure that children don’t fall off while playing. Grab bars are also vital for kids and adults. For example, grab bars provide support when climbing stairs.

Combined with stair safety gates, your house will be safer. Nonslip mats and grab bars are also crucial in the toilets and around wet areas. With nonslip mats, you wouldn’t fall easily. These pieces of equipment are essential because falls are the primary cause of TBIs.

What About Preventing Car Accidents?

You’ll also need to prevent motor vehicle crashes to avoid TBIs. This requires driving carefully and obeying traffic laws. Furthermore, emergency care staff need extra training on handling collision victims with head wounds. Finally, suppose you even get a minor head bump. Then, it’ll be best to see a health care provider.

Traumatic Brain Injury Treatment Options

Traumatic brain injury prevention tips can fail. This is because human efforts aren’t perfect. Furthermore, mistakes are often bound to happen. Luckily, many treatment and compensatory strategies can help you recover from TBI. Hospital treatment and outpatient care can fix TBI’s physical, emotional, and other problems.

Treating Mild Traumatic Brain Injuries

Mild TBIs are the easiest to heal. For example, resting from significant exertion may be sufficient for a patient. Notably, continuing your normal activities without proper relaxation can hurt the recovery process. Additional factors that can hinder healing include drug and alcohol abuse.

Emergency Care Options for Traumatic Brain Injuries

The success of any TBI treatment depends on the emergency care staff. Their actions from the point of initial assessment determine whether you get better. However, the primary responsibility of emergency care staff is to keep the patient alive. They:

  • Regulate brain and blood pressure
  • Prevent further injuries
  • Control bleeding
  • Transport patients to the hospital safely

At the hospital, other specialists then take over.

Surgery

Invasive treatment methods are sometimes necessary for TBI. For instance, brain surgery may be vital for:

  • Removing the blood clots and pools in the brain
  • Fixing skull fractures
  • Relieving intracranial pressure
  • Removal of bone fragments in the head

Medications

Notably, too, drugs are necessary. You can take medications alone or alongside other treatments. Doctors may start prescribing pills immediately after you’re stabilized. Appropriate medications here would include:

  • Anti-anxiety drugs
  • Anticoagulants
  • Anticonvulsants
  • Antidepressants
  • Muscle relaxants
  • Stimulants
  • Diuretics to remove fluids in the brain

Therapy

Finally, several forms of therapy come in handy too. Therapy helps victims recover body functions and relearn the abilities they previously had. So, TBI patients may have to undertake:

  • Speech therapy
  • Occupational therapy
  • Physical therapy
  • Psychological and psychiatric evaluation and counseling
  • Cognitive therapy

Hope Through Traumatic Brain Injury Research

A lot of research is currently ongoing on traumatic brain injuries. Preclinical studies and additional studies are consistently conducted on this disease. The Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation has published several works.

Different clinical studies in the United States are also investigating the influence of genetic factors on TBI. If genetic factors contribute to TBI, then it’ll mean that the disease and its attendant emotional difficulties are influenced by gene activity. Notably, genetic factors increase the recovery chances for TBI patients.

Animal models, though limited, are increasingly used in brain studies in the United States. So, one way that the public can contribute to these clinical studies is by the donation of brain tissue. After such donation of brain tissue, researchers can use their assessment tools to study TBIs further.

However, only deceased TBI victims can donate human brain tissue. They can do so by authorized family members to donate if they don’t get better after the initiation of treatment. Participating in a clinical study is another way to help.

Research has also led to discoveries such as cognitive rehabilitation therapy. Furthermore, the study shows that cognitive rehabilitation interventions need to be developed more thoroughly. Finally, the developed mouse model is giving researchers home for concussion treatment. There is thus hope on the horizon.

Contact a Virginia Beach Brain Injury Lawyer

Coping with a neurological disease is challenging. Injuries that create dead brain tissue and often require the removal of human brain tissue are worse. Unfortunately, this isn’t only a condition in adults. Instead, brain damage occurs in children and adults. As a result, medical providers rightly charge high fees from the medical evaluation to the continuous medical care stage.

So, you’ll need significant funds to regain normal brain function. In addition, you may even need to pay to improve your mental health conditions. Virginia is a fault-based accident state, though. Therefore, you can get financial compensation to pay for your hospital treatment. Would you like to initiate this legal process? Reach out to a Virginia Beach brain injury lawyer to represent your needs today.

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